The ID-card is the only mandatory ID document in Estonia. Thus far, ID cards have been issued to more than 94% of Estonia’s 1.3 million residents. This makes the Estonian system the most used national ID-card system in the world.
“Estonia has by far the most highly-developed national ID card system in the world. Much more than a legal photo ID, the mandatory national card also provides digital access to all of Estonia’s secure e-services.”
The chip on the card carries embedded files, and using 2048-bit public key encryption, it can be used as definitive proof of ID in an electronic environment.
ESTONIAN ID CARD: THE FRONT SIDE OF THE CARD CONTAINS THE FOLLOWING INFORMATION:
● card holder’s name
● card holder’s signature and photo
● unique personal identification code (national ID-code)
● date of birth
● card number
● date of expiry
THE REVERSE SIDE OF THE CARD CONTAINS THE FOLLOWING INFORMATION:
● card holder’s place of birth
● date of issue
● residence permit details (if applicable)
● card and holder data in machine readable format (except for the photo and signature)
Estonian ID Card
The chip on the card carries embedded files which, using 2048-bit public key encryption, enable it to be used as definitive proof of ID in an electronic environment.
THERE ARE TWO CERTIFICATES saved on the ID card
1) a certificate for digital personal identification and data signing and encryption;
2) a certificate for digital signing, enabling the cardholder to issue a digital signature.
The ID1-shaped documents – defined by ISO/IEC 7810 standard – are based on PKI technology, and incorporate two certificates: one for authentication, and the other for digital signatures. Each private key is dependent on the use of a different PIN-code. In addition, the card also contains a single user-readable data file, replicating data from the visual layer. There is no electronically usable biometric information on the card.
Here are some examples where ID Card is regularly used in Estonia:
– Legal travel of Estonian cititzens in EU
– National Health Insurance Card
– proof of identification when logging into bank accounts
– for digital signatures
– for i-Voting
– to check medical records, submit tax claims, etc.
– to use e-Prescriptions
Thanks to the ID-card, Estonia has one of the world’s most advanced digital signature systems.
The ID-card aso has a digital supplement called the Digital-ID (Digi-ID), which is a state issued digital document for electronic identification and
providing digital signatures. Unlike the ID-card, the Digi-ID is not designed for visual personal identification; therefore, it does not carry a photo
or any physical security elements – simply the person´s name, personal identification number and end of validity date. Electronically and cryptographically,
it is identical to the ID card, and in electronic environments they are treated as equivalent certificates.