Swachha Bharat Mission is Government’s (Ministry of Drinking Water and Sanitation) flagship program initiated October 02, 2014. The program was launched by Prime Minister to build toilets and provide sanitation facility to people of country. The program aimed to make India Open Defecation free (ODF) by October 02, 2019.
The “Swachha Bharat” program was need of hour for following reason –
1. India stood a high health and economic risk due to practice of Open defecation.
2. The practice is contaminating soil and river water
3. Image of India being tarnished because of huge sanitation crisis.
The overall results mention that around 4,16,457 states (including UTs) have achieved 100% ODF status. The figure is 65% of the total villages. The immense rise in making villages open defecation free is evident by looking at the stats on Ministry dashboard for example UP now has 42.61% ODF villages compared to 0.21% ODF villages in 2014.
“Need of the hour is to shift focus on states with maximum number of villages. The current trend of establishing best schools, best industry and best hospitals in bigger cities needs to change. Clearly success of program implementation lies with efficiency of government at village level administration.“
We will try to analyze the progress towards the stated object basis the data published on Open Data portal (data.gov.in), the data of villages and assessing the progress against results published on Ministry’s dashboard.
The python code for analyzing the data is located at this Git repository.
The daily results shown in figure above represents the count (mentioned at top of bar chart) of villages made Open Defecation free on a day, the maximum percentage for Lakshadweep is too high for data collected on daily granularity basis.
Following hypothesis/ facts may be drawn from the daily data –
1. States which were already high on sanitation quickly leaped to reach 100% target.
2. Smaller states and UTs met the target earlier. May be they are effectively administered.
3. The states lagging incidentally also have highest number of villages.
4. The initial declaration of ODF villages may not be correct since certain states with high literacy rate such as Kerala were 0% ODF in 2014, and it looks unlikely.